Zirtek allergy tablets (cetirizine)

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What are Zirtek allergy tablets used for?

  • Treating allergic reactions comparable to hay fever, pet allergic reactions and dirt mite allergic reactions (seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis).
  • Treating itchy, nettle-type, allergic pores and skin rashes (urticaria or hives).
  • Treating a continual itchy nettle-type rash the place the trigger is not recognized (continual idiopathic urticaria).

    Zirtek allergy tablets comprise 10mg cetirizine and are appropriate for adults and kids aged six years and over.

    How do Zirtek allergy tablets work?

    Zirtek allergy tablets comprise the energetic ingredient cetirizine dihydrochloride, which is a kind of medication referred to as a non-sedating antihistamine.

    Cetirizine works by stopping the actions of histamine – a substance produced by the physique when it reacts to a overseas substance, comparable to pollen or pet fur (these are often known as allergens). Histamine causes a series response that leads to allergic signs comparable to itchy eyes, sneezing and a runny nostril. Cetirizine blocks histamine receptors and so stops this chain response.

    Cetirizine can be used to alleviate the signs of a situation referred to as continual idiopathic urticaria. It is a continual itchy rash, much like nettle rash, however with no obvious trigger. Blocking the actions of histamine relieves the itching and reduces the rash related to this situation and different allergic pores and skin reactions.

    How do I take Zirtek allergy tablets?

    • You possibly can take a dose of this medication as wanted to alleviate occasional allergy signs as soon as they’ve began. Or you may take it in anticipation of getting allergy signs, as an illustration you may take a dose earlier than leaving the home if you recognize there will likely be a excessive pollen rely, or should you’re visiting pals with a pet you are allergic to. You too can take it recurrently each day to forestall signs, for instance in the course of the pollen season.
    • The standard dose for adults and adolescents aged 12 years and over is one pill as soon as a day.
    • Kids aged 6 to 12 years ought to be given half a pill twice a day.
    • The tablets ought to be swallowed with a drink. They are often taken both with or with out meals, on a filled with empty abdomen.
    • If signs persist regardless of therapy, get recommendation out of your physician or pharmacist.

      What ought to I do know earlier than taking Zirtek allergy tablets?

      • Though cetirizine is a non-sedating antihistamine, often some individuals could discover it makes them really feel barely sleepy. Be sure you know the way this medication impacts you earlier than doing doubtlessly hazardous actions comparable to driving, driving bikes or working machines. If you happen to do discover this medication makes you sleepy you must keep away from consuming alcohol or utilizing different medicines that trigger drowsiness with it, as this might make any sleepiness or diminished alertness worse.
      • If you happen to’re attributable to have any pores and skin prick or patch assessments to diagnose allergic reactions you must cease taking this medication a minimum of three days earlier than the assessments. It is because antihistamines can forestall or reduce the pores and skin reactions that point out an allergy, and so could make the take a look at outcomes unreliable.

        Who should not take Zirtek allergy tablets?

        • Kids below six years of age. Liquid types of cetirizine can be found for youthful kids – see finish of web page.
        • Folks with extreme kidney failure requiring dialysis.
        • People who find themselves allergic or illiberal to any ingredient of the drugs. Test the components listed within the leaflet that comes with the drugs if you recognize you could have particular allergic reactions or intolerances.

          Who ought to get medical recommendation earlier than taking Zirtek allergy tablets?

          • Folks with kidney issues. It’s possible you’ll want a decrease dose of this medication in case you have kidney issues. Ask your physician or pharmacist for recommendation.
          • Individuals who endure from epilepsy or are prone to convulsions.
          • Ladies who’re pregnant. If you happen to endure with allergic reactions throughout being pregnant you must get recommendation out of your physician on easy methods to deal with your signs, as a result of regionally appearing medicines like nasal sprays are normally most popular. Cetirizine can be utilized if mandatory, however provided that the advantages outweigh any dangers and provided that it is prescribed by your physician.
          • Ladies who’re breastfeeding. Small quantities of cetirizine go into breast milk, so should you’re breastfeeding you must solely take this medication on the recommendation of your physician.

            What are the doable unwanted effects of Zirtek allergy tablets?

            Medicines and their doable unwanted effects can have an effect on particular person individuals in numerous methods. The next are among the unwanted effects which can be recognized to be related to cetirizine. Simply because a facet impact is said right here does not imply that each one individuals taking this medication will expertise that or any facet impact.

            Frequent unwanted effects (have an effect on between 1 in 10 and 1 in 100 individuals)

            • Headache.
            • Dizziness.
            • Delicate sleepiness or feeling drained. Do not drive or drink alcohol if affected.
            • Dry mouth.
            • Sore throat.
            • Feeling sick or belly ache.

            Unusual unwanted effects (have an effect on between 1 in 100 and 1 in 1000 individuals)

            • Diarrhoea.
            • Feeling agitated.
            • Feeling weak.
            • Pins and needles sensations.
            • Itching or rash.
            • Problem passing urine.
            • Blurred imaginative and prescient.

            Uncommon unwanted effects (have an effect on between 1 in 1000 and 1 in 10,000 individuals)

            • Aggression.
            • Confusion.
            • Despair.
            • Problem sleeping (insomnia).
            • Convulsions.
            • Fluid retention (oedema).
            • Weight achieve.
            • Quick heartbeat.
            • Irregular liver perform.

            Discuss to your physician or pharmacist in order for you any extra details about the doable unwanted effects of Zirtek allergy tablets. If you happen to assume you could have skilled a facet impact, do you know you may report this utilizing the yellow card web site?

            Can I take Zirtek allergy tablets with different medicines?

            Antihistamines could oppose the impact of histamine (used to deal with leukaemia) and usually are not beneficial for individuals having this therapy. Antihistamines may oppose the impact of betahistine (used to deal with Ménière’s illness) so this medication might be greatest prevented should you’re taking betahistine.

            Apart from these, cetirizine is just not recognized to have an effect on different medicines. Nevertheless, if you’re already taking another medicines it is at all times greatest to verify along with your pharmacist earlier than taking cetirizine as nicely, to verify the mix is secure and acceptable.

            It is nice to take cetirizine together with different kinds of medication for hay fever, for instance nasal sprays or eye drops.

            What different medicines comprise cetirizine?

              Cetirizine tablets and liquid are additionally extensively out there with no model title, ie because the generic medication.

              Final up to date 27.10.2020

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