Zithromax (azithromycin) is an antibiotic generally utilized in kids to deal with bacterial infections, resembling ear and sinus infections. Usually prescribed in tablet type, it can be delivered in a liquid formulation for kids who do not like drugs. Relying on the an infection your youngster has, the remedy would sometimes final wherever from one to 5 days.
Although Zithromax is accepted to be used in kids, its security and effectiveness in youngsters beneath the age of 6 months have not been established. The drug has been accepted to deal with the next pediatric situations:
Zithromax is usually used off-label for different delicate to average pediatric infections which are attributable to inclined micro organism together with strolling pneumonia and pertussis (whooping cough).
Zithromax is usually not utilized in first-line remedy until the first-line antibiotic has failed or the kid has an allergy to the popular drug.
Rising charges of azithromycin resistance imply that the drug is usually reserved for second-line use. For strep throat, penicillin is the popular agent. Equally, for ear infections, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends amoxicillin because the first-line drug of selection.
Zithromax is a sort of macrolide antibiotic, a bunch that additionally consists of erythromycin, roxithromycin, and clarithromycin. It’s a good selection for kids who’re allergic to penicillin and could be taken both with or with out meals, usually in a single dose.
Zithromax has additionally been common as a result of it has all the time been rather less costly than many different model identify antibiotics, even earlier than it turned out there as a generic.
Zithromax is obtainable in a number of varieties:
- Zithromax for oral suspension
- Zithromax Z-Pak, 250 mg tablets (five-day course)
- Zithromax Tri-Pak, 500 mg tablets (three-day course)
- Zmax (extended-release formulation)
Zithromax could be saved at room temperature, however maintain it away from extreme warmth, chilly, or moisture. Don’t refrigerate or freeze Zithromax, even in liquid type. If given Zithromax in a powder type, combine it with water proper earlier than giving your youngster the dose.
Relying on the situation being handled, your healthcare supplier will often tailor the dose primarily based in your kid’s peak and weight (measured in kilograms, kg). Typical dosages embrace:
- Ear an infection: Both a single dose (30 mg/kg); a once-daily dose for 3 days (10 mg/kg/day); or a once-daily dose for 5 days (beginning with 10 mg/kg for the primary day and reducing to 5 mg/kg/day on the subsequent 4 days)
- Sinus infections: As soon as day by day for 3 days (10 mg/kg)
- Neighborhood-acquired pneumonia: As soon as day by day for 5 days (beginning with 10 mg/kg on the primary day and reducing to five mg/kg/day on the subsequent 4 days)
- Strep throat or tonsillitis: As soon as day by day for 5 days (12 mg/kg)
In case you miss a dose, give it as quickly as you bear in mind until the subsequent dose is inside 12 hours. In such a case, skip the dose and provides your youngster the subsequent one as you usually would. By no means double up on doses as this will improve the danger of unwanted side effects.
Make sure to give Zithromax precisely as prescribed, finishing the whole course even when your youngster feels higher. Failure to take action will increase the danger of antibiotic resistance, making the drug far much less efficient the subsequent time your youngster is sick.
In case your youngster vomits inside an hour of taking a one-time dose, you’ll possible have to get one other. Name your pediatrician for steering.
For kids taking a five-day course of Zithromax, the commonest unwanted side effects embrace:
- Diarrhea and free stools
- Belly ache
When prescribed as a one-time dose, there’s a higher threat of vomiting or diarrhea. If the unwanted side effects are extreme or persistent, name your healthcare supplier. On uncommon events, a baby could expertise a extreme and probably life-threatening allergy referred to as anaphylaxis.
When to Name 911
Name 911 or search emergency care in case your youngster experiences shortness of breath, wheezing, fast coronary heart charge, dizziness, vomiting, or swelling of the face, tongue, or throat after taking Zithromax.
In case your youngster is taking Zithromax and an antacid resembling Tums, Mylanta, or Maalox, chances are you’ll have to separate the doses by 4 hours to keep away from a drop within the focus of Zithromax within the blood. Antacids could be taken on the similar time if prescribed an extended-release Zmax.
At all times suggested your pediatrician about any and all medication your youngster could also be taking, whether or not pharmaceutical, over-the-counter, dietary, homeopathic, or conventional.
QT Interval Warning
The U.S. Meals and Drug Administration warns that azithromycin could cause modifications within the regular electrical exercise of the coronary heart, resulting in an irregular coronary heart rhythm situation referred to as QT interval prolongation. This will trigger quick and/or irregular heartbeat, extreme dizziness, blurred imaginative and prescient, fainting, and, not often, dying.
Sure elements can improve a baby’s threat whereas taking Zithromax:
- A household historical past of QT interval prolongation
- Low blood potassium or magnesium
- A household historical past of irregular coronary heart rhythms (arrhythmias)
- Use of anti-arrhythmia drugs
Name your healthcare supplier in case your youngster experiences irregular heartbeats or has a sudden dizziness spell. if there may be fainting, take your youngster to the emergency room even it lasted for just a few seconds.