Ban on diclofenac, a lifeline for vultures | Kozhikode Information

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KOZHIKODE: The Union authorities choice to ban multi-dose vials of painkiller drug diclofenac has sparked contemporary hopes for the survival of three critically-endangered vulture species within the state, the mixed inhabitants of which is at the moment beneath 50 contained in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS). Their breeding inhabitants ultimately depend was estimated at 35 Oriental white-rumped vultures, 4 Indian long-billed vultures and 5 red-headed vultures.
The federal government had banned the veterinary use of diclofenac in 2006 after it was discovered that the once-thriving vulture inhabitants within the nation was close to extinction after consuming the carcasses of animals that had been illegally handled with human formulations of the drug. A current discipline research carried out by ornithologists in Wayanad discovered that regardless of the ban, a medical store in Sultan Bathery was nonetheless promoting human diclofenac in massive 30 ml vials for veterinary use.
Ornithologist C Ok Vishnudas – who had been monitoring the vulture inhabitants within the sanctuary for the previous a few years – stated that the Centre’s choice to limit the manufacturing of human formulation of injectable diclofenac to ‘single unit dose pack’ was an necessary step in guaranteeing the continued survival of those three critically endangered species. The drug – which is used to deal with irritation in livestock – is deadly for vultures as they expertise acute kidney failure resulting in demise after they eat the carcasses of animals handled with the drug.
“The provision of enormous multi-dose vials (30 ml) – which had been facilitating the unlawful veterinary use – had triggered a catastrophic decline in vulture inhabitants. The drug was discovered obtainable (for veterinary use) in Wayanad after we employed the dummy buy methodology as a part of the research. Now, the federal government has restricted manufacturing of the drug to smaller 3ml vials and unlawful veterinary use of the drug might be troublesome as a number of small vials must be mixed to get the best dose to deal with cattle,” Vishnudas stated.
Consultants stated that the introduction of diclofenac within the nation within the 90s immediately affected the vulture populations as tens of millions of birds perished within the subsequent 20 years.
Kozhikode: The choice by the union authorities to ban multi-dose vials of painkiller drug diclofenac has sparked contemporary hopes for the survival of three critically endangered vulture species within the state the mixed inhabitants of which is at the moment beneath 50 birds principally restricted to a handful of nesting colonies contained in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS).
Although the federal government had banned the veterinary use of diclofenac in 2006 after it was discovered that consuming of carcasses of animals handled with the drug by the birds had decimated the as soon as thriving vulture inhabitants within the nation to close extinction, human formulations of diclofenac had been nonetheless used illegally to deal with animals.
For example in a discipline research carried out by ornithologists in Wayanad lately, it was discovered that regardless of the ban a medical store in Sultan Bathery was nonetheless promoting human diclofenac in massive 30 ml vials for veterinary use.
The breeding inhabitants of vultures within the sanctuary on final depend is estimated at 35 Oriental White- rumped vultures (Gyps bengalensis), 4 Indian Lengthy- billed vultures (Gyps indicus) and 5 Crimson- headed vultures (Sarcogyps calvus).
Ornithologist C Ok Vishnudas who has been monitoring the vulture inhabitants within the sanctuary for the final a few years stated that the choice by the federal government to limit manufacturing of human formulation of injectable diclofenac to ‘ single unit dose pack solely’ was an necessary step in securing the continued survival of the three critically endangered fowl species within the state.
The drug which is used to deal with irritation in livestock is deadly for vultures as they expertise acute kidney failure resulting in demise after they eat the carcasses of animals handled with the medicine.
“It was the provision of enormous multi- dose vials of 30 ml which had been facilitating the unlawful veterinary use of the drug which had triggered catastrophic decline in vulture populations. Even the drug was discovered obtainable for veterinary use in Wayanad in the course of the dummy buy methodology employed by us as a part of the research. Now that the federal government has restricted manufacturing of the drug to smaller 3 ml vials, it’ll make the unlawful veterinary use of the drug troublesome as a number of small vials must be mixed to get the wanted dose to deal with cattle,” Vishnudas stated.
Based on consultants, the introduction of the diclofenac drug within the nation in 1990’s triggered a crash of the vulture populations with tens of millions of birds getting perishing within the subsequent 20 years with variety of Oriental white-backed vultures declining by a staggering 99.9% and the Lengthy billed vulture reducing by 97%.

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